Documentation Required For Exporting White Charcoal In Vietnam

documentation required for exporting white charcoal

With its outstanding features, such as a burning time three times longer than traditional charcoal, no harmful smoke, and versatile applications in water filtration, cosmetics manufacturing, battery production, exhaust gas purification, and odor elimination, white coal has seen a significant increase in global demand in recent years. Recognizing the market demand and consumer preferences for white coal, many businesses have shifted their focus to exporting this product to generate foreign currency and create stable employment opportunities for local communities.

However, as white charcoal is still a relatively new commodity, many enterprises face difficulty navigating export procedures. To assist businesses in smoothly going through customs procedures for white coal exports, let’s explore the following article compiled “Documentation Required For Exporting White Charcoal In Vietnam” by Vietnam Charcoal.

What is White Charcoal

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White coal is a premium type of smokeless and odorless charcoal with a high calorific value of over 8500 kcal/kg. It has a prolonged burning time of approximately 4-5 hours under natural conditions, making it three times longer than traditional black charcoal. One of its notable characteristics is that it burns without generating dust or sparks. White coal is also effective in odor reduction and emits a pleasant aroma. When used for grilling or cooking, it produces flavorful and safe results.

The production process of white coal involves several stages. The average temperature for producing white coal ranges from 1000-1100 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, cellulose undergoes carbonization, resulting in a high carbon content of up to 90% in white coal.


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  • White coal is used in restaurants for grilling meat or hot pot dishes.
  • White coal can absorb moisture, eliminate odors, and effectively filter water.
  • White coal can help make rice softer and stickier when cooking rice.
  • White coal is used in the production of batteries and metallurgical processes.
  • White coal is commonly employed in the manufacturing of cosmetics and beauty products.

Production Process of White Charcoal 

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  • Selection of Wood: Suitable wood is chosen for producing white coal. Hardwood varieties like oak, beech, or fruit tree wood are commonly preferred.
  • Wood Cutting: The selected wood is cut into desired lengths and sizes suitable for production.
  • Loading the Kiln: The cut wood pieces are loaded into a kiln, a closed structure designed explicitly for carbonization.
  • Sealing the Kiln: The kiln is tightly sealed using clay and bricks, leaving only the kiln mouth and a few small holes for steam to escape.
  • Heating the Kiln: The kiln is heated by igniting a fire outside the kiln. The heat generated transfers into the kiln, initiating the carbonization process.
  • Introduction of Oxygen: After three days of heating, the kiln is opened to introduce oxygen. At this point, the temperature inside the kiln can reach around 1200 degrees Celsius, causing the wood to burn and transform into charcoal. The charcoal obtained at this stage appears golden or orange in color.
  • Removal and Burial: The charcoal is carefully removed from the kiln and immediately buried in a mixture of sand or soil. This process helps cool down the charcoal and prevents it from re-igniting.
  • Final Product: The result of this process is the production of white coal, which appears as white charcoal briquettes or lumps.

It’s important to note that the exact production process may vary depending on specific techniques and equipment used by different manufacturers.

HS Code of White Charcoal

It is crucial for businesses to be aware of and correctly declare the HS code when exporting white charcoal to avoid any potential issues or complications with customs clearance. Incorrect HS code declaration can lead to the return of documents by customs authorities due to misclassification.

  • The HS code for white charcoal is 44029090

Conditions for Exporting White Charcoal

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Businesses exporting white coal must comply with the conditions outlined in Article 4 of Circular No. 15/2013/TT-BCT. The circular provides clear regulations regarding the export of white coal, and businesses must meet the following conditions:

  • Only eligible businesses are allowed to export white coal. Exporting companies must meet the business requirements for white coal trading as specified in Circular No. 14/2013/TT-BCT issued by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, which outlines the conditions for coal business operations.
  • Processed coal or raw coal for export must meet the specified or equivalent quality standards, as stated in Appendix I accompanying this circular.
  • In accordance with Circular No. 14/2013/TT-BCT issued on July 15, 2013, by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, all coal-related business activities and products must originate from legal sources.
  • Adherence to relevant laws and regulations concerning the export of white coal is mandatory.

It is essential for businesses to ensure compliance with these regulations to avoid any legal issues or complications during the export process.

White Charcoal Export Record

Based on Article 1, Clause 5 of Circular No. 39/2018/TT-BTC, issued on April 20, 2018, and amended and supplemented according to Article 16 of Circular No. 38/2015/TT-BTC, dated March 25, 2015, by the Ministry of Finance, businesses exporting white coal will need to prepare the following documents:

  • Customs declaration form for imported goods based on the criteria specified in Appendix II accompanying the circular: 01 copy.
  • Purchase and sale contract for white coal in English or Vietnamese language, with content compliant with the current legal regulations: 01 certified copy or original.
  • Detailed inventory list of goods with multiple item codes or non-uniform packaging: 01 original.
  • The export license of the business for white coal or an export permit issued by competent authorities: 01 original.
  • Certification of white coal inspected by specialized authorities according to legal regulations: 01 original.
  • Documents prove the business meets the requirements for exporting white coal according to legal regulations.
  • In case of consignment, a copy of the consignment export contract: 01 photocopies.

It is hoped that the information shared by Vietnam Charcoal will help businesses better understand the procedures for exporting white coal. With this knowledge, companies can be more prepared and have suitable strategies during their export process.

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